Extensive or intensive green roofs with water features, paths,
and plazas can be created on any functional inverted roof
construction. The substructure is to be checked
for static load-bearing capacity. A vapour-permeable layer
must be installed on top of the thermal insulation layer
of Synergy isoboards. The green inverted roof design holds many advantages compared with the non-insulated roof:
The thermal insulation protects the root-resistant waterproofing from thermal stresses.
During the construction phase, the insulation package
provides reliable protection against mechanical strains.
Once the green roof is in use, the insulation layer protects
the underlying waterproofing against rakes or other garden
appliances used for maintenance.
During the construction period of inverted green roofs,
there is a clear separation between the trades. The roofer
takes care of waterproofing and thermal insulation while
the roof gardener is responsible for the substrate layer and
greening. This simplifies the final acceptance and warranty.
Companies frequently offer green roofs as a complete system.
In the case of inverted roofs, insulation materials made of
extruded foam boards may not be permanently flooded
with rainwater. To satisfy the structural-physical principle of
inverted roofs, a vapour-permeable layer has to be applied
between the water storage level and the Synergy boards.
This may consist of Synergy compact boards. The egg-carton design collects the rainwater on the
upper surface and drains off excess water along the cavities
on the underside.
Another alternative is the green, walk-able roof terrace. Part of this design is a non-woven positioned
between the Synergy thermal insulation layer and the drainage layer. This layer drains the excess rainwater and offers
vapor-permeable coverage for the extruded foam boards on
top. Above the gravel drainage layer, the structure can consist
of virtually any variation of materials. Part of the roof may be
covered with a pond system using welded membranes. Other
parts may be converted into a terrace with bedding sand and
filter fleece, or filter fleece and a plant substrate to create a
green roof on national Iranian library.